Type 2 Diabetes Treatment with Stem Cell Therapy

The most common form of diabetes, type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness that is characterized by high blood sugar levels. It is caused by the problematic way in which your body uses or produces insulin. Insulin is necessary in transporting blood sugar, or glucose, to cells where it can be stored for later energy use.

Type 2 diabetes causes the body to become resistant to insulin. Cells do not respond to it and are deprived of blood sugar. Instead the sugar volume in the blood builds up, which is called hyperglycemia. The pancreas may increase insulin production but it does not rectify the problem.

Causes of type 2 diabetes are being very overweight with excess body weight around the waist, poor diet and a low activity level. Genetics and family history can be an indication of increased risk. Other diabetes risk factors include old age, high blood pressure, history of gestational diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome, impaired glucose intolerance and ethnicity, as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans present high diabetes incidences.

Diabetes symptoms are not always present but they can include blurred vision, fatigue, increased appetite, thirst and urination, slow-healing or frequent infections and erectile dysfunction.

Type 2 Diabetes can be Treated with New Stem Cell Therapy

Adult stem cells, undifferentiated and adaptable, are able to change into the cells of countless organs and structures within the human body. Many therapies use stem cells as they can restore damaged structures and rejuvenate failing cells very effectively. They do this through cell division, a process in which they multiply indefinitely. Stem cell science has seen considerable advancements in the last few years with many new developments and discoveries being made.

Cartilage and its functions can become damaged. This can be caused by various things such as a bad fall, a traumatic sports accident, previous knee injuries or general wear and tear that worsens over time. Long term immobilization can result in cartilage damage as well.

Articular cartilage damage of the knee can be present on its own but it is usually found alongside ligament injuries. Those who have had previous surgeries have an increased risk of cartilage damage because the mechanics of the joint may have changed.

Once cartilage has been damaged it usually does not regenerate by itself. This information was first recorded by William Hunter in 1743.






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